Later, I will list the benefits that the tools and techniques of project management bring to the systems analysis process. Nearly every activity within an organization could be labeled as a project possessing unique characteristics and varying levels of importance to the organization. So a project team often includes people who don t usually work together Regardless of the project management structure chosen, management must realize that a dynamic state of equilibrium between limited personnel and financial resources and the objectives of the project will be necessary if project management is to be successful in their particular organization. [ 66 ] Before touching on the major tools and techniques of project management, let's get to the bottom of what project management truly is. IntroductionProblems arise in every organization. It's a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result. A project is temporary in that it has a defined beginning and end in time, and therefore defined scope and resources. And a project is unique in that it is not a routine operation, but a specific set of operations designed to accomplish a singular goal. Seven primary characteristics of a project include: [ 66 ]Project Management
The organizational structure implemented may not be the same structure used throughout the life cycle of the project due to changes in priorities, available resource, project personnel, laws, and other contingencies. These problems and their alternative solutions establish some elements of change around which the organization must adapt. Guide) identifies its recurring elements: Project management processes fall into five groups: Project management knowledge draws on ten areas: All management is concerned with these, of course. Such problems as what products/systems to develop, should capacity be expanded, or should a computer be purchased are just a few of an endless number of continuing problems about which management must concern itself if the firm is to survive. A project is defined as a planned undertaking of related activities to reach an objective that has a beginning and an end. [ 66 ] All projects solve some type of problem, but projects may also be established simply to determine and define feasible alternative solutions to problems. But project management brings a unique focus shaped by the goals, resources and schedule of each project. The value of that focus is proved by the rapid, worldwide growth of project management: Advertisement
Learn more about . More specifically, what is a project? PMI s A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK [ 66 ]Every project is unique in terms of the problems that arise, the priorities and resources assigned it, the environment in which it operates, and the project manager's attitude and style used to guide and control project activities. All are projects. And all must be expertly managed to deliver the on-time, on-budget results, learning and integration that organizations need. Project management, then, is the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements. It has always been practiced informally, but began to emerge as a distinct profession in the mid-75th century. Projects are generally established to carry out these changes and someone is always responsible for each project's successful completion. Therefore, the organizational structure for the project must be designed to fit within that project's operating constraints. Project management techniques research paper.