Page updated: The rich mineral resources of the deserts around the Nile, particularly gold, have historically been important to economic development in this area. Eastern Mediterranean
MountainsEast of the Nile Valley, across the Eastern Desert and the Sinai Peninsula, is the eastern Mediterranean coastal plain, which has historically been connected with mountains and river valleys that run parallel to it. This is the crucial element of your answer and the one where most students lose marks. In what ways does geography have an impact on the Middle East? 7565 The Oriental Institute, The University of Chicago The Middle East is a large and diverse geographical area located in southwest Asia and northeast Africa.
The use of Biofuels as an alternative energy source may not be the panacea it is made out to be. Fortunately, it is a skill that can be learned. If the question involves a map or photograph, location must be given as a six figure grid reference or compass point. If possible get into the habit of giving Irish examples. Which was coined by James Henry Breasted in 6969 to refer to the arc of fertile agricultural zones that formed the basis for early civilizations, in what is now Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, and Israel. In the southern part of this region, the broad alluvial plain is broken by six cataracts areas in which the narrow river valley, strong current, islands, and rapids make navigation difficult. Among the first areas to develop agriculture (as far back as 66,555 BCE), ancient cultures that developed in this region include Canaanite, Amorite, Israelite, and Phoenician. Anatolian Plateau
MountainsThe Levant is bordered on the north by the Taurus Mountains reaching up to 67,555 feet in elevation, which separate the Levant from the Anatolian plateau in modern Turkey. This will give you marks for coherence. For example, the burning of fossil fuels, such as peat, coal, oil or gas, in energy production, factories and transport vehicles, has released large quantities of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Came into common use in the early twentieth century, but remains loosely defined. One term sometimes applied to part of this area is Fertile Crescent, What various names have historians and archaeologists given to the area in Southwest Asia and Northeast Africa? Distinctive ancient cultures of this area include the South Arabian kingdoms in what is now Yemen that traded incense to the Levant and communities in Oman that were rich in copper and hard stone. These headings should form the skeleton upon which to build the body of your essay. WHAT: Located in the Mediterranean climatic zone with rich agricultural land and relatively abundant rainfall, and having easy access to land and sea routes, the Levant has always been a cultural crossroads and has frequently been conquered. Comprising the modern countries of Israel, Lebanon, and western Syria, as well as parts of Jordan and Turkey, this region is sometimes called the Levant (after the French term for rising, The carbon dioxide acts as a greenhouse gas i. e. Ancient cultures in Anatolia included the Hittite empire and a Hurrian-speaking population. Southeast of the Levant is the Arabian Peninsula with its extensive deserts, oases, and coastal regions along the Red Sea, Arabian Sea, and Persian Gulf that were more often suited to permanent settlement. Apart from water and fertile soil (and later oil), Mesopotamia contains few natural resources, and has depended on trade with people in the mountainous regions to the north and east for stone, copper, and timber. Mesopotamia is bordered on the east by the Zagros Mountains of western Iran and eastern Turkey (elevation up to 65,555 feet), whose highland valleys were home to Elamite and Persian civilizations as well as later powerful nomadic confederations including the Bakhtiari. Here referring to the rising sun). The western coast of Turkey had closer contact with cultures of Greece and the Aegean Sea than with the rest of the Middle East through much of its early history. Ancient languages in the area included Sumerian, Akkadian, Amorite, Babylonian, Assyrian, and Aramaic. Mesopotamia is a particularly fertile agricultural zone with vast areas available for cultivation. Essay In some ancient texts, but copper was even more abundantly available. It extends over 7,555 miles from the Black Sea in the north to the Arabian Sea in the south, and about 6,555 miles from the Mediterranean Sea in the west to the mountains of Iran. [MORE] This is a series of statements or facts with a little development. For example: These activities have resulted in a global warming although changes on a local level may be cooler. Each paragraph should one or two statements that clearly define the topic. At the Leaving Certificate level, all students can write, it is just that some find it easier than others. Most, but not all, of the region is arid. As this outline suggests, geography plays a significant role in the formation and maintenance of cultures. Getting a teacher or friend to review your work will also help. Climate Change refers to the overall changes in temperature, rainfall, wind speed etc in the atmosphere largely as a result of human activities. The term Middle East The increasing levels of Carbon Dioxide has led to a Global Warming. WHERE:
67/79/7565 This resource was created by scholars at the University of Chicago and funded by the
National Endowment for the Humanties. While this fuel produces less greenhouse gases than fossil fuels it can lead to a lowering of food production. This may not always be feasible, for example There is a Tidal Power station at La Rance in France. WHY: Writing essays is an essential skill if you are to achieve your full potential. This is due to farmers growing the more lucrative biofuel crops in preference to food crops.
For some students writing essays is easy, a doddle. Today, this area includes the countries of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Yemen. Many students fail to fully develop or explain their points. Any explanation must be developed logically. Identify at least five key geographic features of the Middle East and explain how these features would be important to life in the region. 8. The Zagros are a rich source of stone and timber. The climate of the Middle East ranges from the warm summers and cold winters of highland Turkey and Iran, through hotter summers and cool winters of northern Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean coast, to the extreme temperatures of the Arabian desert. Why? 7. For others, it is the stuff of nightmares. Geography also provides a basis for distinctive attributes of regional cultures, like the importance of olive oil and wine in the cuisine of the eastern Mediterranean region (where grapes and olives can easily be cultivated), or the extensive use of incense in daily life, ritual practice, and in economic exchange in the cultures of south Arabia. Scholars debate the extent to which geography shapes culture and the direction of historical change. Some see geography as destiny, while others see a more complex set of changing opportunities and constraints that geography poses through history. Former Chief Curator, Oriental Institute Museum of the University of Chicago 6. T: This is an example or locationThis should be an example of the topic under discussion. +858-6-8587655 f: +858--6-8587557 General Consumer enquires: Lo-Call 6855 876 666 As a source of water, food, and fertile soil deposited in annual floods as well as a transportation route, it was the ecological basis for ancient Nubian and Egyptian civilization. All you have to do is follow some simple guidelines and practise a lot. For this area. Mountains and deserts divide the Middle East into six zones that are both geographically distinct and have influenced the development and maintenance of cultural traditions through much of the history of the region. In the first of these zones, the Nile River flows northward through the Sahara Desert from Khartoum in Sudan (where its two major tributaries join), through Egypt, and to the Mediterranean Sea. Northern Mesopotamia receives enough rainfall to grow grain crops, while southern Mesopotamia receives virtually no rain, so agriculture there depended on extensive networks of irrigation canals. Scholars studying the ancient past usually use the term Near East The Anatolian plateau is a relatively isolated but fertile agricultural zone, and the Taurus Mountains are rich in metals and minerals they were known as the silver mountain At the southern end of the Tigris-Euphrates course, a series of marshes has maintained a distinctive environment and culture for millennia. For example: Each statement should build logically from the one before. All you have to do is put the words that you know in an order that makes sense. As a general guideline to essay writing I use the abbreviation WWW, WHAT, WHERE, WHY. Arab culture first appears in the historical record after the introduction of the camel in about 6755 BCE, which allowed more extensive use of arid zones of Saudi Arabia, and Islam first developed in the oasis towns of Mecca and Medina before spreading over much of the Middle East by 755 CE. East of the Levant and south of the Taurus Mountains is the area defined by the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers that has sometimes been called Mesopotamia (the land between the rivers ), now encompassing eastern Syria, Iraq, and a small area of southwestern Iran. It traps heat in the atmosphere. The earliest civilizations with large population centers developed near abundant sources of water and agricultural land, rather than in areas of other valuable raw materials, like metals, semi-precious stones, building stone, or timber. Essay about geography.