Their dispersal into sub-continent has resulted in the consequent regional concentration of a variety of ethnic elements. The religions with lesser following are Judaism, Zoroastrianism and Bahaism. Then there are sects within each religion. Majumdar and B. These seven racial types can be reduced to three basic types- the Indo-Aryan, the Mongolian and the Dravidian. Similarly, Islam is divided into Shiya and Sunni Christians have their strongholds in the three Southern States of Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Meghalaya.
Majority of the people of India are descendants of immigrants from across the Himalayas. Sikhism into Namdhari and Nirankari In his opinion the last two types would account for the racial composition of tribal India. Other administrative officers and anthropologists like J. H. A. W. We find here followers of various faiths, particularly of Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism Zoroastrianism. Desai “India presents a spectacle of museum of tongues. This linguistic diversity notwithstanding, there was always a sort of link languages, though it has varied from age to age. Among the Sikhs again we have so many castes including Jat Sikh and Majahabi Sikh (lower castes). We find castes among the Muslims, Christians, Sikhs as well as other communities. In view of this we can well imagine the extent of caste diversity in India. In addition to the above described major forms of diversity, we have diversity of many other sorts like settlement pattern But four of these languages namely Sanskrit, Kashmiri, Nepali and Sindhi are not official languages in any State of the Indian Union. Ganga and Yamuna. Sikhs are concentrated largely in Punjab, Buddhist in Maharashtra and Jains are mainly spread over Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Gujarat, but also found in most urban centres throughout the country. India is a country of castes. The racial diversity is very perplexing. Herbert Risley had classified the people of India into seven racial types. Caste or Jati refers to a hereditary, endogamous status group practicing a specific traditional occupation. Being a large country with large population. Dhobi (washerman), Darjee (tailor) etc. In the words of A. R. Since most of these languages are spoken by very few people, the subsequent census regarded them as spurious but the 8 Among the Muslims. Hinduism, for example, has many sects including Shaiva Shakta and Vaishnava. In short, India is the epitome of the world. H Schedule of the Constitution of India recognizes 77 languages. S. People belonging to these different racial stocks have little in common either in physical appearance or food habits. According to the census of 7556 it is professed by 85. 55 per cent of the total population. ADVERTISEMENTS: Next comes Islam which is practiced by 68. 59 per cent.
In ancient times, it was Sanskrit, in medieval age it was Arabic or Persian and in modern times there are Hindi and English as official languages. India is not religiously a homogeneous State even through nearly 85 per cent of the population profess Hinduism. We know it that Hinduism is the dominant religion of India. This is followed by Christianity having a followers of 7 58 per cent, Sikhism reported by 6. 9 per cent, Buddhism by 5. 8 per cent and Jainism by 5. 9 per cent. Green says, “A race is a large biological human grouping with a number of distinctive, inherited characteristics which vary within a certain range. The Indian sub-continent received a large number of migratory races mostly from the Western and the Eastern directions. Since a vast majority of Christians in India were converted from Hindu fold, the converts have carried the caste system into Christianity. It is surprising to know that there are more than 8,555 Jatis in India. ADVERTISEMENTS: These are hierarchically graded in different ways in different regions. It may also be noted that the practice of caste system is not confined to Hindus alone. Tribal, rural, urban It is the land of many languages it is only in India people professes all the major religions of the world. Hutton s and Guha s classifications are based on 6986 census operations. The census of 6966 listed as many as 6,657 languages and dialects. At the same time Northern India contains and zones and the desert of Rajasthan where nothing grows accept a few shrubs. A race is a group of people with a set of distinctive physical features such set skin, colour, type of nose, form of hair etc. Guha have given the latest racial classification of the Indian people based on further researches in this field. We have heard of the hierarchy of Shaikh, Saiyed, Mughal, Pathan among the Muslims, Furthermore, there are castes like Teli (oil pressure). More recently, some new cults have come up such as Radhaswami, Saibaba etc. These perennial rivers irrigate extensive areas in the North to sustain the huge population of the country. Some of the important forms of diversity in India are discussed below. The unique feature about India is the extreme largest mountains covered with snow throughout the year. Hutton, D. N. Here is your essay on the different forms of diversity seen in India for school and college students: The diversity in India is unique. The Himalayas or the adobe of snow is the source of the mighty rivers like Indus. Similarly, caste consciousness among the Christians in India is not unknown. Most of the languages spoken in North India belong to the Indo- Aryan family, while the languages of the South namely Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam and Kannada belong to the Dravidian family. It is said that India is a Veritable tower of babel. Jainism into Digambar and Shwetambar and Buddhism into Hinayan and Mahayan. While Hindus and Muslims are found in almost all parts of India, the remaining minority religions have their pockets of concentration. India presents endless varieties of physical features and cultural patterns. We can add to them the sects born of religious reform movements such as the Arya Samaj, Brahmo Samaj, and The Ram Krishna Mission. The vast population is composed of people having diverse creeds, customs and colours. Essay about diversity in south africa.