The figurative sense of cultivation through education is first attested c. 6555. Meaning the intellectual side of civilization is from 6855 Culture is transmitted, through language, material objects, ritual, institutions, and art, from one generation to the next. That of collective customs and achievements of a people is from 6867. Culture shock first recorded 6995. culture cul·ture (kŭl'chər)
n. The growing of microorganisms, tissue cells, or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium. Such a growth or colony, as of bacteria. To grow microorganisms or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium. To use a substance as a medium for culture. A growth of microorganisms, viruses, or tissue cells in a specially prepared nutrient medium under supervised conditions. The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought. [William Butler Yeats] Slang culture vulture is from 6997.
Culture is the sanctity of the intellect.
For without culture or holiness, which are always the gift of a very few, a man may renounce wealth or any other external thing, but he cannot renounce hatred, envy, jealousy, revenge. Culture is learned and shared within social groups and is transmitted by nongenetic means. The sum of attitudes, customs, and beliefs that distinguishes one group of people from another.