The drugs used to fight pneumonia are determined by the germ causing the pneumonia and the judgment of the doctor. It s best to do everything we can to prevent pneumonia, but if one do get sick, recognizing and treating the disease early offers the best chance for a full recovery.
A case with a diagnosis of Pneumonia may catch one’s attention, though the disease is just like an ordinary cough and fever, it can lead to death especially when no intervention or care is done. There are two lungs, one on each side of the breastbone and protected by the ribs. Each bronchus enters a lung. Each lung is surrounded by a two-layered membrane, or the pleura, that under normal circumstances has a very, very small amount of fluid between the layers. And rickettsiae, primarily Coxiella burnetii (Q fever). The usual mechanisms of spread are inhaling droplets small enough to reach the alveoli and aspirating secretions from the upper airways.
INTRODUCTIONPneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by an infection. Fungi, including Histoplasma capsulatum, Coccidioides immitis, Blastomyces dermatitidis, Cryptococcus neoformans, Aspergillus fumigatus, and Pneumocystis carinii Oxygen has trouble reaching your blood. The pathways are called bronchioles, and they end at microscopic air sacs called alveoli. Predisposing factors include upper respiratory viral infections, alcoholism, institutionalization, cigarette smoking, heart failure, chronic obstructive airway disease, age extremes, debility, immunocompromise (as in diabetes mellitus and chronic renal failure), compromised consciousness, dysphagia, and exposure to transmissible agents. Typical symptoms include cough, fever, and sputum production, usually developing over days and sometimes accompanied by pleurisy. Vitan secure consent for admission and management, TPR every shift then record. Of these, Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common. Because of this and spreading infection through the body pneumonia can cause death. In infectious pneumonia, bacteria, viruses, fungi or other organisms attack your lungs, leading to inflammation that makes it hard to breathe. In the young and healthy, early treatment with antibiotics can cure bacterial pneumonia. Other pathogens include anaerobic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, C. It is also called Pneumonitis or Bronchopneumonia. Mycobacteria, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis and atypical strains May not reinsert IVF, revise Cefuroxine IV to Cefuroxine 555mg via deep Intramuscular BID, continue management. 66/77/56 Continue management and refer. Nursing Crib 7567. Pneumonia can affect one or both lungs. The fluid allows the membranes to easily slide over each other during breathing. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY Pneumonia is a serious infection or inflammation of your lungs. Each lung is made up of lobes, or sections. All Rights Reserved. Within the lungs, the bronchi branch out into minute pathways that go through the lung tissue. If there is too little oxygen in your blood, your body cells can t work properly. The alveoli also take in carbon dioxide, which is then exhaled from the body.
Inhaling is due to contractions of the diaphragm and of muscles between the ribs. Although pneumonia is a special concern for older adults and those with chronic illnesses, it can also strike young, healthy people as well. The lungs expand and contract up to 75 times per minute taking in and disposing of those gases.
Air that is breathed in is filled with oxygen and goes to the trachea, which branches off into one of two bronchi.
Since the case is a toddler, an appropriate care has to be done to make the patient’s recovery faster. They play an important role in respiration, or the process of providing the body with oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide. Psittaci, C. Pneumonia can be a serious threat to our health. The oxygenated blood is then pumped by the heart throughout the body. There are three lobes in the right lung and two lobes in the left one. Influenzae. INDEPENDENTCOLLABORATIVE66/69/56 Admit patient to ROC under the service of Dr. The lungs are cone shaped and made of elastic, spongy tissue. Among other agents are higher bacteria including Nocardia and Actinomyces sp Physical examination may detect tachypnea and signs of consolidation, such as crackles with bronchial breath sounds. The alveoli are surrounded by capillaries and provide oxygen for the blood in these vessels. Pneumonia affects your lungs in two ways. Trachomatis, Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis, Legionella pneumophila, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and other gram-negative bacilli. Lobar pneumonia affects a section (lobe) of a lung. Exhaling results from relaxation of those muscles. This syndrome is commonly caused by bacteria, such as S. Treating patients with pneumonia is necessary to prevent its spread to others and make them as another victim of this illness. ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGYThe lungs constitute the largest organ in the respiratory system. Major pulmonary pathogens in infants and children are viruses: Other means include hematogenous or lymphatic dissemination and direct spread from contiguous infections. Pneumoniae and H. Respiratory syncytial virus, parainfluenza virus, and influenza A and B viruses. The air sacs in the lungs fill with pus and other liquid. Bronchial pneumonia (or bronchopneumonia) affects patches throughout both lungs. Bacteria are the most common cause of pneumonia. Case study pneumonia nursing.